Archery Terminology

Armguard: Protective arm covering for bow-arm. Usually plastic, metal or leather.
Bare shaft: An arrow without fletching.
Barebow: A bow with no sight or aiming devices.
Berger Button: See Button.
Bouncer (Bounce-out): An arrow that strikes the target and then falls to the ground.
Boss: See Butt.
Bow-scale: Device used to measure the draw-weight of a bow
Bow-square: Device used to measure bracing height and nocking-point position.
Bowyer: One who makes bows.
Brace Height: Distance between string and pivot–point of the bow (or pressure button).
Bracer: See Armguard.
Broadhead: Arrow point used in hunting. V-shaped with two or more cutting edges.
Butt: Backstop behind target face, usually straw or foam.
Button: Spring-loaded button. Used to absorb some of the sideways force of the arrow after release.
Cam: Eccentric pulley found on compound bows.
Chest-guard: Protective clothing used to prevent string catching on clothes or body.
Clicker: Metal or plastic device. Produces audible click when arrow is at full draw.
Clout: Archery competition where archers shoot at a peg in the ground.
Creep: Non-recoverable elongation unlike stretch which is basically elasticity or recoverable elongation
Crest: Coloured markings on the arrow shaft.
Compound Bow: Bow with eccentric pulleys and cables allowing high bow weights, but low weight at full-draw.
Cushion Plunger: See Button.
Draw: Pulling the bowstring.
Draw length: The distance between the string and the pivot point at full draw.
Draw-weight: Weight held by archer at full draw.
End: A specified number of arrows (usually 3, 4 or 6) shot between scoring.
Face: Target – usually made from paper or card.
Field Archery: Archery shot in wooded course.
Fishtailing: Movement of arrow from side to side during flight.
Fistmele: Archaic term referring to the Bracing height of the bow (which was often measured by using a fist with the thumb extended)
FITA: Federation Internationale de Tir a L’Arc. International target archery federation.
Flemish twist: The traditional longbow string with the loops made in the same manner as a rope, by twisting and splicing, rather than being a continuous strand of string material with the loops formed by serving. Can be used with recurves, but not recommended.
Fletching: The feathers or coloured plastic “wings” attached towards the rear of an arrow.
Fletching Jig: Device used to hold arrow and fletching to ensure consistent positioning while the glue is drying.
Flight Shooting: Archery shooting for maximum distance.
Flu-flu: Large spiral fletching designed to slow arrow down quickly.
Foot marker: Device pushed into ground to ensure consistent foot position.
F.O.C.: Front of centre – the balance point of the arrow when the point is fitted.
Gap shooting: Using the distance between the arrow and the target as an elevation gauge.
Gold: Centre of the target (it is often coloured yellow).
Gold shyness / Gold fever: See Target Panic.
Group: Several arrows shot close together.
Kisser Button: Small plastic device attached to the string for alignment with mouth at full draw.
Grip: Where hand is placed on riser. Often plastic or wooden.
Lady Paramount: The lady in charge of an archery tournament. An honorary position only.
Limb: The energy-storing portion of the bow above and below the riser.
Longbow: Single-piece bow. Traditional archery.
Loop: Portion of the string that is strung around the limb tip.
Loose: The action of releasing the string.
Minnowing: High-speed movement of arrow from side to side during flight. (Indicative of poor clearance)
Nib: See Point.
Nock: Plastic device at the end of an arrow in which the string is placed.
Nocking Point: Position on the string at which the nock is located.
Overdraw: Device used to permit archers to use arrows shorter than their normal draw length.
Paradox (archer’s paradox): The way the arrow bends around the riser on release.
Peak draw-weight: Maximum weight held by archer whilst drawing the bow.
Pile: See Point.
Pivot-point: Position on grip farthest from the string.
Point: The pointed metal device inserted at the tip of the arrow.
Porpoising: Movement of arrow up and down during flight.
Pressure Button: See Button.
Puller: Rubber mat used to protect hands and provide grip when pulling arrows.
Recurve Bow: Bow with limbs that curve away from the archer.
Quiver: Pouch, usually worn around the waist or placed on the ground, used to hold arrows and other accessories.
Release: See Loose.
Rest: A wire or plastic device on which the arrow sits before and during the draw.
Riser: The handle of the bow.
Serving: Protective wrapping of string material around string to prevent wear.
Shaft: The body of an arrow.
Sight Window: See Window.
Sling: Device to attach bow to archer’s bow-hand.
Spine: The stiffness of the arrow shaft.
Stabiliser: Rod and weight combination attached to the bow to eliminate unwanted torque and vibration.
Stacking: Rapid increase in the draw weight of the bow, not in direct relation to the draw length.
String Walking: Used by bare bow archers. Fingers moved up and down string according to target distance.
Stringer: Device used to bend the limbs of a bow to allow the string to be attached.
Tab: Protector for string-fingers to prevent chafing.
Target Panic: Affliction where archer cannot hold the sight in the gold.
Toxophilite: Archer.
Tiller: A measure of the balance of the two limbs.
Tuning: Adjustment of the bow and arrow to provide most accurate and forgiving arrow flight.
TFC: Torque Flight Compensator. Device used to absorb vibration.
Vane: See fletching.
Windage: Horizontal adjustment of a sight to compensate for wind-drift.
Window: Recessed area of riser above the grip.